It has been interesting to see China’s relationship with blockchain technology evolve over the years as when the country initially put a ban on cryptocurrency which is created through blockchain, many thought the country was taking a firm anti-blockchain stance. However, the country is developing its own national digital token and this has shown that they are not necessarily anti-crypto but simply wish to have an in-house product. Along with this, the president advocated for more use of blockchain technology for development throughout the country and this shows that the country is willing to embrace blockchain technology in all its facets.

According to December 5, 2019 reports by Xinhua news agency, over 3.1 million litigation actions have taken place from March to October of this year in Chinese Internet courts making use of blockchain technology, artificial intelligence and so on.

Blockchain in Court 

Internet courts are a situation in which citizens can communicate with artificial intelligence-powered non-human judges in front of screens which means they do not physically have to appear in court to state their cases and can also receive a ruling via email, text message and so on. These courts are considered the courts of the future as they do not have many of the restrictions of traditional courts and it is natural that blockchain and artificial intelligence would find their way to the space.

The courts were first established in 2017 in a single Chinese city but have seen spread to other places and are growing in popularity. There has also been an embracing of new technology such as Internet of things, blockchain, and artificial intelligence by these courts.

“In the current use of AI as an assistant to make rulings, efficiency is prioritized over accuracy. A human judge is ultimately responsible for the fair ruling. […] But we are heading toward a future when we can see an AI judge sitting at the podium,” said Zhang Wen, president of the Beijing Internet Court. 

The system has, so far, been a resounding success as 5 million people have registered for this court system and there are over 72,300 lawyers also working within that system.

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