Besides cryptocurrency, there is practically an unlimited number of applications of blockchain technology and these have been explored over the years by many individuals and organizations. This includes the use of blockchain for supply chain management, the issuing of certificates by various educational institutions and even for the tracking of social welfare programs. One of the most promising applications of blockchain is in voting as the creation of a permanent ledger of transactions helps to prevent voter fraud and rigging. This has been implemented in some parts of South Korea and former presidential hopeful Andrew Yang had even suggested blockchain-based voting in the United States.
This phenomenon of blockchain-based voting might soon be coming to India as according to Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora, the use of blockchain could help increase voter turn out by enabling individuals to vote outside of their region of registration.
Arora has stated that in the previous election, over 300 million people did not vote either because they were politically disengaged or because they were outside of their area of registration and thus, could not vote. It is also worth noting that India has over 450 million people who migrate for jobs, school, marriage and so on and as such, find it difficult to vote even though their migration tends to be temporary. So come by this, the commissioner has stated that his office is working closely with the Indian Institute of Technology in order to devise blockchain-based watching that with the neighbor voters cast their vote remotely. He is hoping that this will be implemented before the end of his tenure which is April 2021.
Besides the use of blockchain for voting, the commissioner also says that he is working closely with the Ministry of law in order to link IDs and citizen ID system Aadhaar. The use of blockchain for voting only allows remote casting of votes but also prevents the casting of multiple votes and should this be applied properly, could spell the end of voter fraud and election rigging.